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P. Kay Metals Archives -

18 Aug


Etek Europe appointed as distributor of MS2 Dross Eliminator

August 18, 2014 | By |

Etek Europe appointed as distributor of MS2 Dross Eliminator by P. Kay Metals for the UK, Ireland, Germany, France and Tunisia.

Etek Europe are proud to announce that they have been appointed as distributor for MS2 Dross Eliminator by P. Kay Metals covering the UK, Ireland, Germany, France and Tunisia.

This appointment reinforces the relationship between two great companies: P. Kay Metals, developer of MS2 Molten Solder Surfactant and Etek Europe, a global supplier to the electronics industry.

Mike Nelson, Managing Director and founder of Etek Europe added “We are extremely proud to announce this appointment and look forward to working with P. Kay Metals whose products provide us with the opportunity to further extend our service offerings to our customers.”

ms2 website

Etek Europe have created a website dedicated to MS2 which demonstrates how the MS2 Solder Dross Eliminator can help reduce solder usage, resulting in significant cost savings.
Visit the website and watch the process online at

About MS2
Unlike conventional powders, oils, mechanical separators and even nitrogen blankets, MS2® molten solder surfactant doesn’t just reduce solder dross in wave soldering machines—it actually eliminates it.

By eliminating dross, MS2® molten solder surfactant allows manufacturers to reduce their solder usage by as much as 70%, depending on production volume, resulting in significant cost savings.
MS2® molten solder surfactant, which is available for both leaded and lead-free processes, is a non-toxic, non-volatile, organic liquid which is poured onto the surface of the solder bath.

About P. Kay Metals
P. Kay Metal supplies a wide assortment of metals, alloys, wire and metal cores for all industries, including contractors and ammunition manufacturers.

In addition, P. Kay Metal, Inc. is a global supplier of soldering materials used in the electronic assembly process. P. Kay Metal’s bar solder, solid wire, cored wire and soldering fluxes are used in an array of electronic assemblies which range from military to consumer product applications.

Their commitment to consistently producing quality soldering material and providing reliable technical and recycling services was the foundation upon which P. Kay Metals was established over 30 years ago.

About Etek Europe Ltd
Etek Europe has a strong reputation for being a quality provider of products and services to the aerospace, automotive, defense, medical and European electronic manufacturing industries.

With over 1,300 customers, Etek has built its success by developing strong relationships with both customers and suppliers, which ensures it continues to deliver premium solutions at a highly competitive price.

Together with one of the largest installation and service teams in the UK and with thousands of successful installations completed, Etek’s engineers have developed invaluable and unrivalled product knowledge and experience in all aspects of planning, supply, installation, testing, commissioning, maintenance and training.

MS2 Surfactant eliminates dross from wave soldering

July 31, 2014 | By | No Comments">No Comments

MS2 molten solder surfactant
Up to 70 percent of dross is bound-up metal that would otherwise be available for soldering.

During wave soldering, printed circuit boards pass over the crest of a continuously flowing fountain of molten solder. It’s a quick way to solder many joints at once, but the process is not without drawbacks, and one of the biggest is dross.

Dross is the oxide scum that forms on the surface of molten solder. How much dross is generated during production depends on the temperature and agitation of the solder bath. The more turbulent the solder surface, the more dross gets produced.

To ensure a quality wave-soldering process, dross must be removed periodically from the surface of the molten solder. This can be a dangerous task. Moreover, good solder gets bound up with the metal oxides in dross and is therefore unavailable for soldering. In fact, this bound-up metal can comprise as much as 70 percent of dross. In a typical wave soldering machine, this unusable metal can amount to more than 3 pounds per hour.

“In the best case scenario, a wave solder machine generates 40 percent dross, meaning that for every 10 pounds of solder you put into the machine, 4 pounds of dross is coming out,” explains Larry Kay, president of P. Kay Metal Inc. (Los Angeles). In some of the worst cases we’ve seen, that figure is more than 80 percent

To put that into perspective, consider a high-volume electronics assembler running two-shifts per day. If the company consumes 1,000 pounds of solder per month, it will generate 400 pounds of dross per month. If tin-lead solder costs $3.50 per pound, the company is wasting $1,400 per month. “Multiply that figure by 3 if it’s lead-free solder,” adds Kay.

Electronics assemblers have developed several ways to reduce the formation of dross. Oil or wax can be poured on top of the bath to keep oxygen from the surface. Marbles can be floated on the bath to limit the surface area exposed to the air. Or, the wave-soldering process can be done in a nitrogen-based inert atmosphere.

However, all of these methods only slow or inhibit the formation of dross. They don’t eliminate it. A new material developed by P. Kay Metal does.

MS2 molten solder surfactant is a nontoxic, nonvolatile organic liquid that is poured onto the surface of the solder bath. The material does not mix with the metal, but forms a thin floating layer that covers the entire surface of the bath, except the wave, which it does not disturb. The surfactant does not produce fumes or odor, and it does not leave residue on boards or components.

Formulations are available for both standard and lead-free processes. Approximately 200 to 300 milliliters is poured onto the bath initially, and a smaller amount is usually added once or twice per shift. A single-shift assembly operation will consume approximately 1 liter of MS2 per week, says Kay.

The surfactant prevents dross from forming on the surface of the solder bath. In addition, any dross generated by the exposed solder wave is immediately converted back into usable metal, so no dross accumulates. As solder is pumped through the system, the surfactant keeps removing metal oxides, cleansing and purifying the bath. This lowers surface tension and enhances wetting. The molten solder fills holes better, and solder-related defects are reduced.

As the surfactant converts dross back into usable metal, it becomes more viscous. This thicker material is easily removed with a skimming tool, which is supplied with the surfactant. The small volume of spent, nonhazardous material can then be shipped back to the manufacturer for recycling.

01 Jul


P. KAY Metal Granted Broad Dross Elimination Coverage in New US Patent

July 1, 2014 | By |

P. KAY Metal has been granted United States Patent No. 7,861,915 providing broad coverage for its chemical dross elimination and reduction technology as used in the soldering process.

The patent comes into force on January 4th 2011. Notification of issuance of the patent was received by the P. KAY Metal legal team on December 16, 2010. Of particular interest is the breadth of the granted claims which cover the use of a variety of liquid chemical additives including the company’s MS2® product, which is used to eliminate solder dross and recover useable metal in the wave soldering process.

While similar patents have been granted in other countries for MS2®, the key patent globally is the US patent. Additional global patents are now expected to follow.

Larry Kay, President of P. KAY Metal stated “We are obviously pleased that the USPTO has confirmed the unique properties and the effectiveness of our process. This could not come at a better time as interest and acceptance of MS2 Dross elimination in the global electronics assembly industry is at an all-time high”.